Are Political Donations Tax Deductable?
Donations are deductible if the organization you give to is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt charity. This means that the organization has tax-exempt status, which is a special designation obtained from the IRS. Some organizations, mostly churches and religious organizations, are not required to apply for tax-exempt status but others like political campaigns and offices are.
Many political organizations are automatically disqualified from this status. Any donation to a political party, campaign, or action committee is non-deductible. Other non-deductible contributions are those to individual people, labor unions, business associations, for-profit schools, for-profit hospitals, foreign governments, and fees paid to associations or state or municipal governments.
So, if you can't donate to parties or campaigns, how can you make your political voice heard and reap the benefits of a tax deduction? Well, not all tax-exempt organizations are what you would traditionally think of charities. While there are plenty of tax-exempt organizations dedicated to feeding the hungry, there are many organizations that express opinions about political issues of all types, across all the entire span of the political spectrum.
How can an organization express that opinion? 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organizations are legally banned from directly or indirectly campaigning for or against any candidate for political office. This includes financial campaign contributions and verbal or written statements of opposition made on behalf of the organization. If an organization does so, it puts its tax-exempt status at risk. That said, there are certain things that tax-exempt organizations can legally do that most people would consider "political." However, there are other activities an organization can take part in without jeopardizing their status. For example, organizations can hold events or publish documents to educate voters (provided that the materials show no sign of bias). Voter drives or registration efforts, as long as they are conducted in a bipartisan manner, are not prohibited.
Also, public charities can also take part in a limited amount of lobbying. Lobbying is when an individual or group communicates with an elected official to advocate for or against a particular legislative measure. The IRS establishes certain guidelines that dictate how much time and money organizations can spend on lobbying without violating their tax-exempt status. So, while you can't make a tax-deductible donation to a candidate or campaign, you can donate to an organization that can lobby candidates about issues you care about. What's more, not every communication between an organization and an official is considered lobbying. Organizations are allowed to communicate with officials to ask them to make an issue a priority and educate the official about an issue they might not be familiar with or aware of.
So, if you'd like to make your voice heard and save a little on your tax bill, the good news is that it's doable. You just need to find an organization whose position matches your own. One last caveat is that in order to reap the benefits of a tax-deductible contribution, you'll need to itemize your deductions on your tax return. So, if you're one of those Americans who takes the standard deduction, the bad news is that however you express your voice financially, you'll have to pay using post-tax dollars.
With the Presidential election still a few years off, there are a good number of Senate, House of Representatives and Gubernatorial elections slated to take place in 2010. You might be considering a donation to your political party, in order to help them become elected but you'll first need to do your homework. Otherwise, the IRS may be paying you a visit in 2011.